This Week in South Sudan – Week 2

Monday 9 January

Tuesday 10 January

Wednesday 11 January

  • GOSS announced it will no longer accept the deployment of the UN Regional Protection Force, saying the security situation in the county has improved. They also argued that the UN Security Council resolution, under which the forces were to be deployed, has elapsed.
  • The SPLA collected over 1200 weapons during a house-to-house search in Juba.

Thursday 12 January

  • An SPLA spokesman claim American, British and Norwegian government officials met in Nairobi with SPLM (IO) representatives to plot a regime change. The Troika countries deny the allegation.
  • New Institute for Security Studies report: “Beyond ARCISS: New fault lines in South Sudan”

Saturday 14 January

  • President Salva Kiir issued a decree creating four new states in addition to the existing 28 states established in October 2015.
  • GOSS has reportedly banned foreign NGOs from operating in SPLA (IO)-controlled Payinjiar County, Unity State.

Sunday 15 January

  • President Salva Kiir dismissed the Central Bank governor, Kornelio Koryom Mayik, reportedly due to high inflation and the depreciation of the South Sudanese Pound (SSP) against the dollar.
  • The Guardian: “Makeshift justice the only recourse for ill-protected women at South Sudan camp”

This Week in South Sudan – Week 1

Monday 2 January

Tuesday 3 January

Wednesday 4 January

  • President Salva Kiir sacked two governors from the two newly-created states, Twic and Gogrial. General Gregory Deng Kuac was later appointed Governor of Gogrial and Brig. Gen. Kon Manyiel Kuol Governor of Twic State.
  • Hundreds of citizens, mostly women and children, have reportedly fled their homes due to killings and burning of houses along the Rimenze-Yambio road.
  • A new armed opposition movement, the National Resistance Front/Army, have been formed. The group is allied to former commissioner of Yei River County, Cosmas Bidali Wori-Kojo.
  • The Guardian: “Bookseller of Malakal brings words of comfort to war-torn South Sudan”

Thursday 5 January

were killed in separate clashes with the SPLA (IO).

  • South Sudan will resume oil production from the Unity oil fields within two-months.
  • Foreign Policy: “10 Conflicts to Watch in 2017 – South Sudan”
  • BBC: “The UN’s peacekeeping nightmare in Africa”

Friday 6 January

  • At least 10 people were killed and 10 wounded in separate attacks against vehicles at Khor Langa area and Jebel Kenyi areas along the Juba-Yei road.

Saturday 7 January

  • Former Governor of Western Equatoria, Baghazi Joseph Bakosoro, announced the formation of a new political party, the ’National Movement for Change (NMC)’.
  • The South Sudanese Pound weakened further against the U.S. dollar, as 1 USD sold for 105 SSP, a significant change from 1 USD at 90 SSP in December 2016.

Sunday 8 January

  • The Government of South Sudan and SPLA (IO) have issued separate statements in which both claim to have captured areas initially controlled by the opposing faction.
  • An estimated 12,000 cattle have been found in Likuangole village, Boma State. The cattle was confiscated by the government since it supposedly came from two different attacks in Jonglei State where Murle raiders were suspected of being the culprits.
  • The New York Times: “Can the African Union Save South Sudan from Genocide?”

This Week in South Sudan – Week 52

Wednesday 28 December

  • At least 15 people, including four government soldiers, have allegedly been killed in separate incidents in Torit town and surrounding villages in Eastern Equatoria over the past two weeks.
  • SPLA (IO) detained a government official and his Tanzanian pilot after their plane landed in Ganyiel area, a rebel-held territory in Unity State.

Thursday 29 December

Friday 30 December

  • Three SPLA (IO) army generals have reportedly defected to the SPLM (IO) faction led by Taban Deng Gai.

 Saturday 31 December

  • The SPLA conducted a disarmament campaign in Juba to recover illegal weapons and boost the security situation before the New Year’s celebrations.

 Sunday 1 January

This Week in South Sudan – Week 51

Monday 19 December

  • Meeting with representatives of the Transitional Government of National Unity and other peace partners, The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) decried the missed opportunities in 2016 to end the war.
  • At least six people are confirmed dead after a fuel tanker exploded at Sherikaat, a suburb of Juba.

Tuesday 20 December

Wednesday 21 December

Thursday 22 December

Friday 23 December

Monday 26 December

Tuesday 27 December

This Week in South Sudan – Week 50

Monday 12 December

  • The South Sudan President’s office issued a statement denying reports in which several officials and presidential guards claimed over USD 280 million was stolen.
  • HSBA Issue Brief: “Legitimacy, exclusion, and power: Taban Deng Gai and the South Sudan peace process”

Tuesday 13 December

Wednesday 14 December

Thursday 15 December

  • President Salva Kiir has ordered the national police leadership to shoot dead any armed person they fail to apprehend.
  • CNN: “We’re ignoring a possible genocide in South Sudan”
  • Al Jazeera: “Nowhere to run for the children of South Sudan”

Friday 16 December

Saturday 17 December

  • At least 17 people, including three women, were killed and nine others wounded in an attack by cattle raiders on Jalle area in the north of Bor town, Jonglei State.

Sunday 18 December

  • Petroleum Minister Ezekiel Lol Gatkouth arrived in Khartoum for talks with his Sudanese counterpart on the oil transit fees.
  • Voice of America: “Mass atrocities feared in South Sudan as ethnic violence is stoked by hunger”

This Week in South Sudan – Week 48 & 49

Tuesday 29 November

Wednesday 30 November

  • Representatives of the US and UN warned of possibilities of tension escalating in South Sudan, stating GOSS is “preparing for large-scale attacks in the coming days or weeks”.
  • Foreign Policy: “U.S. Push to Halt Genocide in South Sudan Unravels at United Nations”

Thursday 1 December

  • A UN commission on human rights in South Sudan has said a process of ethnic cleansing is underway in the country, involving massacres, starvation, gang rape and the destruction of villages. International media reports:
    • Reuters:South Sudanese flee as country edges closer to ‘genocide’”
    • Al Jazeera: “South Sudan denies UN allegations of ‘ethnic cleansing’
    • Voice of America: “UN: Ethnic Cleansing Under Way in South Sudan”
    • BBC: “South Sudan conflict: UN warns of ‘ethnic cleansing’”
  • 30 teachers were arrested after they protested over delayed wages in Jonglei state.

Friday 2 December

Saturday 3 December

Sunday 4 December

  • Salva Kiir and Riek Machar declined a proposal by South Africa President Jacob Zuma to meet each other in an attempt to build confidence, trust and dispel personal dislike.

Monday 5 December

Wednesday 7 December

Thursday 8 December

  • President Salva Kiir has ordered the deployment of additional troops to the oil-producing region, saying it will ensure the oil workers’ security and operations. 

Friday 9 December

Saturday 10 December

Sunday 11 December

  • The IGAD summit condemned in the strongest terms the reported systematic targeting, killings and forced displacement of civilians and destruction of property by armed men in South Sudan.

This Week in South Sudan – Week 47

Dear Readers, please note that there will be no news update next week. We will be back on Sunday December 11 with a two-week TWISS update for week 48 and 49.

 

Monday 21 November

  • A contingent of 350 Japanese peacekeepers, with a mandated to use force to protect UN staff and aid workers, arrived in Juba.

Wednesday 23 November

Thursday 24 November

  • President Salva Kiir and Omar al-Bashir agreed to open the borders between their two countries under a side-line meeting during the African-Arab summit in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea.

Friday 25 November

  • Aid organizations warn of soaring starvation threat numbers in South Sudan as the conflict spreads to rural areas, cutting farmers’ access to their agricultural lands.
  • The Yei Power operating company has ceased its operations over what it described as continuous insecurity compounded by unsustainable high operating expenses.
  • President Salva Kiir has nominated former internal affairs minister, Aleu Ayieny Aleu for the position of Secretary General for East African regional bloc (IGAD)

Sunday 27 November

  • The Government of South Sudan has agreed to accept the deployment of the UN Regional Protection Force after months of hesitation.

This Week in South Sudan – Week 46

Monday 14 November

  • Japan approved a plan to deploy a new contingent of Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force troops, authorized to conduct rescue missions in South Sudan. Critics claim the move risks pulling Japanese soldiers into overseas fighting for the first time since World War Two.
  • Clashes between SPLA (IO) forces loyal to, respectively, Riek Machar and Taban Deng have been reported in Nhialdiu, Unity State. The government claimed the SPLA (IO) kidnapped 20 humanitarian workers during the fighting, an accusation the SPLA (IO) later refuted.
  • The Government of South Sudan (GOSS) and the Government of Uganda has signed an agreement to create one-stop border crossings in order to simplify and expedite border controls.
  • IRIN Analysis: “Who can stop the threat of genocide in South Sudan?”

Tuesday 15 November

  • Civil servants have gone unpaid for more than two months in several areas across the country.
  • The Wall Street Journal: “China Discovers the Price of Global Power: Soldiers Returning in Caskets”
  • New UN Panel of Experts interim report on South Sudan.

Wednesday 16 November

  • UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon warned of a “very real risk of mass atrocities” in South Sudan. In his report to the Security Council he also stated that UNMISS would not be capable of preventing mass killings.
  • President Salva Kiir has reportedly granted amnesty to the 750 SPLA (IO) troops currently residing in refugee camps in neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo.

Friday 18 November

  • Clashes between government forces and SPLA (IO) reported in several places; Adaab el Bahr and Kaljak, Unity State and Tore payam, Morobo and Bazi in Central Equatoria.
  • The US circulated a draft resolution to the UN Security Council proposing an arms embargo on South Sudan, marking a shift in its position on the matter. Amid the heightened alarm over escalation of ethnic violence the US further proposed targeted sanctions against SPLM (IO) leader Riek Machar, South Sudan’s Chief of Staff Paul Malong and Minister of Information Michael Makuei.

Sunday 20 November

  • The governor of Gbudue, one of South Sudan’s new states, has placed a SSP 1 million reward for anyone who kills Alfred Futuyo, a militia leader associated with the ‘Arrow Boys’.

This Week in South Sudan – Week 45

Monday 7 November

  • Kenyan aid workers who allegedly were arrested in Akobo, Jonglei State, by SPLM (IO) field commanders and governors have been released. The reported number of released aid workers varies between 25-75.
  • Ten civilians were wounded in an attack by unknown gunmen, assumedly attempting to target SPLA soldiers in Bentiu, Unity State.

Tuesday 8 November

Wednesday 9 November

Thursday 10 November

  • Several people have been killed and wounded during renewed fighting in several places across the country between government and opposition forces, including in Zaket Upper Nile State, as well as Yambio and Ezo county in Western Equatoria State.

Friday 11 November

  • According to a Deutsche Welle interview with the UN Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide, Adama Dieng, South Sudan is at a “strong risk of violence escalating along ethnic lines, with the potential for genocide”.
  • Security officials closed Eye Radio in Juba, a popular South Sudanese radio station set up with USAID backing.

Saturday 12 November

  • At least 22 people were reported killed and 41 others wounded in inter-clan clashes between two sections of the Pakam community in Rumbek North County, Lakes State.

This Week in South Sudan – Week 44

Monday 31 October

Tuesday 1 November

  • The newly emerged rebel group, the South Sudan Democratic Front (SSDF) called for the removal of the “failed and illegitimate regime of the SPLM/SPLA Party through peaceful means, armed struggle or both”.
  • The Minister of Petroleum, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, has directed the Joint Operating Companies (JOCs) to reinstate all former employees who abandoned their job in the oil sector due to the civil war.
  • China announced it will dispatch a 700-men strong infantry battalion as part of their peacekeeper-contribution to UNMISS in December.
  • The Guardian: “Is it too dangerous for aid workers to be in South Sudan?”

Wednesday 2 November

  • UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon fired the Kenyan UNMISS commander, Lieutenant General Johnson Mogoa Kimani Ondieki after a UN special investigation report found that the failure to protect civilians in Juba in July was due to a lack of leadership. In response, the Government of Kenya announced the immediate withdrawal of its troops from UNMISS.

    Further international and national media reports on the development:

    • The Guardian: “South Sudan peacekeeping commander sacked over ‘serious shortcomings’”
    • Foreign Policy: “N. Chief Fires His Top Peacekeeping Commander in South Sudan”
    • Reuters: “U.N. peacekeepers failed to respond to South Sudan hotel attack: inquiry”
    • Reuters: “Russia says U.N. South Sudan mission ‘in ruins’ after firing”
    • The New York Times: “As South Sudan Troops Killed and Raped, U.N. Forces Didn’t Stop Them”
    • The New York Times: “Kenya Pulling U.N. Peacekeepers From South Sudan in Protest”
    • BBC: “UN sacks South Sudan peacekeeping chief over damning report”
    • Sudan Tribune: “Government, rebels welcome dismissal of UNMISS force commander”
  • SPLA soldiers and police officers reportedly killed ten civilians including women and children in a “house to house” massacre in Kalipapa village, Kwerijik Bungu Payam, west of Juba.

Thursday 3 November

  • President Salva Kiir has postponed a decision to create two new states in addition to the current 28 states.
  • Reportedly, government forces in Unity State have forcefully recruited at least 290 civilians. The majority of the recruits are believed to be underage children from Mayom, Rubkotna, Guit, Koch, Leer and Mayiandit counties.

Friday 4 November

  • Kenyan authorities deported SPLM (IO) spokesman, James Gatdet Dak, back to South Sudan after he spoke favourably of the firing of the Kenyan UNMISS commander, Lieutenant General Johnson Mogoa Kimani Ondieki (see above). Gadet is a registered refugee. Human rights groups and the UN called the forced removal a violation of international law.

Sunday 6 November