The Khartoum Peace Agreement
- On Wednesday 27 June, Salva Kiir and Riek Machar signed a peace deal alongside representatives from the South Sudan Opposition Alliance, the Former Detainees, other political parties, Sudan’s President Omer al-Bashir, and witnesses from IGAD and the Troika (Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States).
- President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar declared a permanent ceasefire to take effect within 72 hours of the signing of the agreement.
- Read the Declaration of Agreement here. It consists of five main components:
- “A permanent ceasefire based on the agreement signed 21 December 2017”.
- “Building a national army, police and other security organs of an all-inclusive character that shall be free from tribalism and ethnic affiliations”.
- “An agreement on the ‘Revised Bridging Proposal’ shall be concluded”.
- “Efforts for improving the infrastructure and basic services […] shall be intensified”.
- The oil fields in Unity State: “The government of South Sudan in collaboration with the Government of Sudan shall immediately rehabilitate the oil fields”.
Monday 25 June
Tuesday 26 June
- About seven Aweil politicians, who were arrested and detained in April for alleged links with Paul Malong, have now been released and have returned to Aweil.
- According to Major General Chol Atem, at least 53 police officers have been dismissed in Jonglei for neglecting duties.
Wednesday 27 June
- Sudan’s President Omer al-Bashir reopened the border with South Sudan.
Saturday 30 June
- Sudan’s Ministry of Oil and Gas said that oil production in Unity and Northern Jonglei will resume within the next two months.
Sunday 1 July
- Due to the signed Khartoum peace agreement, IGAD delayed its previous decision to impose sanctions on South Sudanese violators of the cessation of hostilities agreement.
- In violation of the recent ceasefire agreement SPLA and SPLA-IO clashed in Mboro, Northern Upper Nile and Central Equatoria.
- The African Union head signaled the possibility of sanctions on South Sudan due to the outbreak of violence after the signed peace agreement.